acute appendicitis

Acute appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix, a small, finger-like organ located at the junction of the small and large intestines. It is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgical intervention to remove the inflamed appendix. If left untreated, appendicitis can lead to serious complications, such as a burst (ruptured) appendix, which can result in peritonitis and other severe infections.

The exact cause of appendicitis is not always clear, but it is often associated with:

  • Obstruction: Blockage of the appendix by fecal material, foreign bodies, or swollen lymph nodes.
  • Infection: Bacterial overgrowth within the appendix, leading to infection.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation of the appendix can occur without a clear cause.


  • Abdominal Pain: Typically starts around the navel and then shifts to the lower right abdomen.
  • Loss of Appetite: Disinterest in eating.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Especially if the appendix is near the stomach.
  • Fever: Elevated body temperature.
  • Abdominal Tenderness: Pain or discomfort when the doctor applies pressure to the abdomen.
  • Rebound Tenderness: Increased pain when pressure is released after being applied to the abdomen.
  • Rigidity: Abdominal muscles may become tense and rigid.
  • Painful Urination: Occasionally, there may be discomfort during urination.


  • Recovery after an appendectomy is generally quick, and most people can resume normal activities within a few weeks. Antibiotics may be prescribed post-surgery to prevent or treat any existing infection.