anorectal surgeries

Anorectal surgeries refer to a variety of surgical procedures performed on the anus and rectum to address various conditions and disorders. These surgeries are often carried out by colorectal surgeons or proctologists.

Some common anorectal surgeries include:

  • Hemorrhoidectomy: Removal of hemorrhoids, which are swollen blood vessels in the rectum or anus.
  • Fistulotomy: Treatment of anal fistulas, which are abnormal connections or tunnels between the rectum or anus and the skin.
  • Fissurectomy: Treatment of anal fissures, which are small tears or cuts in the lining of the anus.
  • Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy: Treatment for chronic anal fissures.
  • Anal Fistula Plug Placement: Treatment of complex anal fistulas.
  • Seton Placement: Treatment of complex or recurrent anal fistulas.
  • Anal Wart Removal: Removal of warts in or around the anus, often caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • Colorectal Cancer Surgery: Surgical removal of tumors in the colon or rectum.
  • Anal Prolapse Repair: Correction of rectal prolapse, where the rectum protrudes through the anus.
  • Transanal Hemorrhoidal Dearterialization (THD): Treatment of hemorrhoids by reducing blood flow to the hemorrhoidal tissue.
  • Anal Sphincter Repair: Correction of sphincter defects or injuries that can lead to fecal incontinence.


  • Preoperative Evaluation: Patients undergo thorough evaluations, including physical examinations, imaging studies, and sometimes diagnostic procedures before surgery.
  • Postoperative Care: Recovery varies depending on the type of surgery, and patients may need to follow specific postoperative care instructions, including dietary changes, pain management, and activity restrictions.
  • Risks and Complications: As with any surgery, anorectal procedures carry risks such as infection, bleeding, and anesthesia-related complications.