Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed through small incisions (usually 0.5 to 1.5 cm) as opposed to the larger incisions needed in traditional surgical procedures. A laparoscope, a thin tube with a camera and light source, is used to visualize the inside of the body and guide the surgeon during the procedure.

Endoscopy: Endoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the use of an endoscope—a long, flexible tube with a light and a camera at one end—to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity within the body. This minimally invasive diagnostic tool allows physicians to visualize and assess various structures and organs without the need for major surgery.

Advantages of Endoscopy:

  • Reduces the need for major surgery, leading to shorter recovery times and less postoperative pain.
  • Provides direct and real-time visualization of the internal structures.
  • Generally, endoscopic procedures have a lower risk of complications compared to open surgery.