intestinal obstruction

Intestinal obstruction is a condition where the normal flow of the contents of the digestive system is blocked. This blockage can occur at any point along the gastrointestinal tract, including the small intestine and the large intestine (colon). Intestinal obstruction is a serious medical emergency that requires immediate attention and intervention.


  • Adhesions: Scar tissue from previous abdominal surgeries can cause the intestines to stick together.
  • Hernias: Protrusion of the intestine through a weakened area in the abdominal wall.
  • Tumors: Benign or malignant growths that obstruct the intestinal passage.
  • Twisting of the Intestine (Volvolus): The intestine may twist upon itself, causing a blockage.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): Conditions like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis can lead to inflammation and narrowing of the intestines.
  • Intussusception: Telescoping of one part of the intestine into another.
  • Impacted Feces: Hardened stool that cannot pass through the intestines.
  • Foreign Bodies: Ingested objects that become lodged in the intestines.


  • Abdominal Pain: Crampy, colicky pain in the abdomen.
  • Vomiting: Often becomes severe and may be feculent (containing stool).
  • Abdominal Distension: Swelling or bloating of the abdomen.
  • Inability to Pass Stool or Gas: Complete cessation of bowel movements.
  • Constipation or Diarrhea: Depending on the location and cause of the obstruction.
  • Abdominal Tenderness: Pain or discomfort upon touching the abdomen.

Intestinal obstruction is a medical emergency, and prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential. If you suspect intestinal obstruction or experience severe abdominal pain and other associated symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.