Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection caused by the spirochete bacteria of the genus Leptospira. This zoonotic disease can affect humans and animals, and it is most commonly transmitted through contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with the urine of infected animals, particularly rodents.

  • Symptoms: The symptoms of leptospirosis can range from mild to severe and may include fever, headache, muscle aches, chills, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), red eyes, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and rash. In severe cases, it can lead to organ failure and potentially be fatal.
  • Prevention: When engaging in activities that may expose individuals to contaminated environments, wearing protective clothing and footwear can help reduce the risk of infection. Avoid swimming or wading in potentially contaminated water, especially during floods. Taking measures to control rodent populations and avoiding contact with their urine can help prevent transmission.