Sepsis or septic shock

Sepsis and septic shock are severe medical conditions that arise from the body's response to an infection. Sepsis occurs when the body's response to an infection triggers widespread inflammation, affecting multiple organ systems. Septic shock is a more severe and life-threatening stage of sepsis characterized by a profound drop in blood pressure.

Causes of Sepsis:

  • Bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic infections.

Symptoms of Sepsis:

  • Fever or Hypothermia: Abnormally high or low body temperature.
  • Increased Heart Rate: Tachycardia (rapid heartbeat).
  • Rapid Breathing: Tachypnea (rapid breathing).
  • Low Blood Pressure: Hypotension.
  • Altered Mental Status: Confusion or decreased alertness.
  • Signs of Organ Dysfunction: Dysfunction in one or more organs, such as the kidneys or liver.

Symptoms of Septic Shock:

  • Hypotension Persisting After Fluid Resuscitation: Blood pressure remains low despite fluid administration.
  • Tissue Perfusion Deficits: Evidence of inadequate blood flow to organs, leading to dysfunction.

Both sepsis and septic shock are medical emergencies requiring prompt and intensive care. Early recognition and intervention significantly improve outcomes. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign provides guidelines for the management of sepsis and septic shock, emphasizing the importance of timely and appropriate interventions to reduce mortality and complications. If you suspect sepsis or septic shock, seek immediate medical attention.